Scenes from a thesis: syntactic categories

“Languages have a structure which is commonly referred to as grammar. This implies that language is a rule governed system. It also means that words in sentences have a relationship. Furthermore, in most languages words have a fixed order in a sentence. The assumption of an underlying structure makes it plausible that all natural languages share common features. The surface structure of languages is derived from the underlying basic order through movement procedures. The lexical categories (i.e. words) in a sentence undergo changes (e.g. verbs are inflected). The changes that form to say a shell around the lexical entities are called functional categories. Functional categories are syntactic operations, that do not refer to entities in the real world. It is assumed that these categories are more difficult to acquire.”

From: Going the distance:  A Non-Linear Approach To Change In Language Development. H.G. Ruhland. Groningen, 1998.

© Rick Ruhland 2018


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.